Professional Practice Technical Challenges


Speech, Voice and Fluency - Risk Factors in Childhood

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June 20th 2020
Jaqueline Carmona (Speech and Language Therapist, Linguist, Fluency Specialist)
In the first years of life children undergo a great cognitive, linguistic and motor development that gives them maturity, for the development of several abilities. During this development some children go through difficulties in sounds, voice and fluency. Obviously, it is not expected for a child, e.g. three years old, to have the same ability to reproduce sounds, words and phrases or speak with the same fluency of an adult. In order to prevent academic, social and personal consequences, early detection is essential. However, children are not always referred early but when the condition is already persistent. It is known that some of the previously mentioned difficulties may disappear in a spontaneous way, though, there is an increasing number of literatures to help us differentiating and understanding which factors may enhance this spontaneous remission or be responsible for chronicity. Therefore, this knowledge is necessary to understand when, why and who we should refer to speech therapy.

This course provides health professionals with an overview of speech development and when there are characteristics compatible with voice and/or stuttering or cluttering disorders. Those are particularly significant because they are the most frequent disorders in children.
It addresses the distinction between speech differences and disorders, with emphasis on speech sound disorders, voice pathology, stuttering and cluttering in children. As a result of the learning experiences in this course, participants will be more competent in their ability to:
  • Identify children at risk for speech sound disorders, voice pathology, stuttering and cluttering.
  • Know the main factors for spontaneous recovery
Doctors, Nurses, Nutritionists, Psychologists and Technicians of Diagnostic and Therapy with specific interest in this area.
  1. To acknowledge the definitions and characteristics of voice, speech, and fluency
  2. To discuss the diagnosis of voice, speech and fluency, their comorbidities with other diagnosis and differential diagnosis
  3. To know the main factors for spontaneous recovery
  4. To develop knowledge about epidemiological data
  5. To analyse the rationale for a referral to Speech and Language Therapy
  • CV with academic background in the mentioned specialties
  • Preference will be given to paediatricians